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Dandruff is a condition of the scalp and hair follicles. It looks like small, white scales or flakes that can easily be seen through your hair.
Few facts about dandruff
It's not contagious means you can't catch it from someone else.
Usually scaling increases in winters.
Frequent washing of hair and scalp with shampoo is key to get rid of loose scales - two to three times a week shampooing is recommended.
You should avoid using soap on scalp, if you are suffering from dandruff.
Avoid excessive use of hair oil.
What Causes Dandruff?
Exact cause is actually not yet known. Multiple factors are thought to play a role in dandruff development such as excessive growth of fungus (malassezia furfur) on the scalp, high sebum or oil production on scalp, hormonal changes, individual susceptibility etc.
Why are we bothered about Dandruff?
Mostly its a cosmetic problem, due to unaesthetic flaking of scales on scalp, landing on to the face and shoulders. But some times dandruff causes itching and even acne formation.